what are the core components of cloud infrastructure

Protecting your company’s data is critical. For example, you can launch an application on a virtual server on hardware with low utilization. Big data, cloud and IoT are all firmly established trends in the digital transformation sphere, and must form a core component of strategy for forward-looking organisations.But in order to maximise the potential of these technologies, companies must first ensure that the network infrastructure is capable of supporting them optimally. 3) Deployment Software . Cloud infrastructure is the layer of software and hardware between your internal systems and the public cloud. Under this context, Cloud RAN management is not just about managing hybrid network functions in RAN, but also about bringing cloud native principles, programable networks and model driven management and orchestration systems. By virtualizing storage, compute and networking components, you can build from whatever services are available and not heavily utilized. The components of cloud infrastructure are typically broken down into three main categories: compute, networking, and storage: Storage is where cloud infrastructure parts ways from the traditional data center infrastructure. Because it is built for the public Internet, one of the biggest advantages to SD-WAN is security. 2) Management Software. Programmability of RAN can be done both within the framework of 3GPP and within the complementary specifications of O-RAN. No, it’s a virtualized server at any one of dozens of Google data centers. With its placement higher up in the architecture, it can access a larger pool of RAN data as well as external data sources such as weather, traffic, first responder events etc. Yet that is an even pricier solution since you are now using the provider’s own network. Such software modularity and decomposition allow for: As the industry is transforming and introducing 5G networks, the management, orchestration and automation has become a cornerstone of 5G networks. At the Ericsson Blog, we provide insight to make complex ideas on technology, innovation and business simple. It typically provides access to networking features, computers (virtual or on dedicated hardware), and data storage space. The Radio System consists of hardware and software for radio, baseband, power, enclosure, antenna and site solutions, the industry-leading MINI-LINK portfolio for microwave transmission and a fully integrated IP Router portfolio, all managed by a common management system. These private clouds don't have the compute capacity of an Amazon or IBM, but they do have the flexibility to spin up virtual instances and keep them in-house. No noisy neighbors. So, let’s start Cloud Computing Architecture. The same applies to your AWS instances and your internal services, should you deploy a cloud infrastructure model for your internal infrastructure. Like what you’re reading? Note, these are issues unique to the public cloud and should not impact any private cloud infrastructure you deploy internally. Cloud infrastructure components In a cloud computing architecture, cloud infrastructure refers to the back-end hardware elements found within most enterprise data centers, but on much greater scale. Bare metal solutions mean you bring everything, from the OS stack on up. A cloud infrastructure virtualizes all components of a data center. Cobalt Iron’s enterprise-grade backup and recovery solution is known for its hands-free automation and reliability, at a lower cost. These consist of front end platforms, back end platforms, cloud based delivery model and a network. Or you can deploy a network connection on a switch with low traffic. The goal is to explain how these components can be used in specific scenarios, which are based on real-world customer examples and therefore contain real-world requirements and constraints. Think of cloud infrastructure as the tools needed to build a cloud. It includes computing power, networking, and storage, as well as an interface for users to access their virtualized resources. The Ericsson approach to Cloud RAN is  built to be cloud agnostic but to extract maximum value, CSPs should consider a balanced approach to disaggregation. Cloud infrastructure is the layer of software and hardware between your internal systems and the public cloud. The type of storage used depends on the tasks you need handled. SD-WAN is made for the public Internet and lets you use a VPN to encrypt traffic. This unlocks new innovation value, enhancing the CSPs role and creates opportunities for monetization. It doesn’t handle high bandwidth apps very well and is easily overloaded. Your storage is on a specific storage array. Cost … Cloud infrastructure in the public cloud is not a flawless solution. This brings key values needed in 5G networks such as automation, flexibility, faster time to market, managing complex networks, and better customer experience. Cloud RAN refers to realizing RAN functions over a generic compute platform instead of a purpose-built hardware platform. Copyright 2020 TechnologyAdvice All Rights Reserved. Given the benefits of being able to bring multidomain knowledge at higher layers, Ericsson is currently focusing its R&D efforts on the Non-RT RIC, as opposed to the Near-RT RIC which overlaps considerably with RAN functionality already provided in feature rich RAN offerings as offered by Ericsson. 5G calls for new levels of flexibility in architecting, scaling and deploying telecom networks. It allows to share the single physical instance of cloud resources between several tenants. It allows to connect cloud services over the Internet. The current standard in WAN communication technology, Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS), is designed for use internally in your data center. The cloud – and to some extent mobile – forces a break in that circle. Cloud RAN industry practices: Ericsson is a leading contributor to the most important open forums, actively supporting efforts to establish industry practices in Cloud RAN. Cloud RAN processing: We bring deep understanding of the demanding processing requirements in 5G RAN and active adoption of cloud technologies for application in the RAN domain. It is also possible to deliver network as a utility over the Internet, i.e., the consumer can customize the network route and protocol. We are delighted to share our expertise and help our customers unveil a whole new world of possibilities with Cloud RAN. The bare metal solution is designed for specific environments where performance is critical, or if you want access to … The infrastructure resources consist of compute, network and storage. Management Software. Cloud-native transformation experience: We have successfully helped our customers through a similar multiyear cloud-native core transformation journey. Ericsson’s Network Serviced bring data-driven & AI-powered automations, digitalization processes, co-creation and deep competence knowledge to the deployment and operation of hybrid networks. The solution to this is what’s called bare metal cloud. In a cloud infrastructure, because everything is virtualized, nothing is tied to a particular physical server. Application-as-a-Service: Application-as-a-Service (also known as SAAS) is … Also known as Amazon compute, AWS has mainly EC2 (Elastic cloud … Building the infrastructure to support cloud computing now accounts for more than a third of all IT spending worldwide, according to research from … This layer of cloud infrastructure has grown as public cloud has changed the structure of the data center and its hardware. You can’t do that in a traditional IT environment. Service management is a measured package of applications and services that end users can easily deploy and manage via a public and/or private cloud vendor. Connected devices like a laptop, phone or server transfer data in and out of this larger cloud system. If anything goes down, your work comes to a halt. The good news is that cloud is made of the same fabric of servers, disks and networks that makes up traditional infrastructure. It uses intelligent routing to manage traffic to avoid bottlenecks, and most of the SD-WAN vendors have built their own private networks to supplement the public Internet, so you don’t have to compete with Netflix traffic. In a traditional IT infrastructure, everything is tied to a server. Microsoft manages these datacenters. Cloud storage with automated backup is scalable, flexible and provides peace of mind. Cloud infrastructure consists of servers, storage devices, network connection, cloud management and deployment software, and platform virtualization. If you have an application that is sensitive to issues of latency, you might have a costly problem. To really realize the value of Cloud RAN one needs to embrace cloud native architecture. As such, everything is virtualized, so the cloud-based infrastructure can be set up easily, duplicated, replaced, and shut down. You can consider it the Best Practice framework of your Cloud Infrastructure. AWS components. Hypervisor. Plus, the data is transmitted unencrypted, which raises obvious problems when transmitting over the public Internet. The first problem is the issue of the noisy neighbor. Hypervisor is a firmware or low-level program. Major cloud providers like Google cloud provide these services on multi-tenant servers. Cloud computing infrastructure is the collection of hardware and software elements needed to enable cloud computing. In this article, we’ll discuss the basics about each component and the functionality it provides. Resource pooling enables scalability for cloud providers and users … – deploying non-RAN functions in the virtualized system to add new functionality and additional value. You can connect directly to the cloud provider, AWS as AWS Direct Connect, for example. SD-WAN offers end-to-end encryption across the entire network, including the Internet, and all devices and endpoints are completely authenticated, thanks to software-defined security. CLOUD ARTICLES, CALIFORNIA – DO NOT SELL MY INFORMATION. It starts with control plane and user plane in the Centralized Unit and continues with latency sensitive radio processing functions in the Distributed Unit. Of course, that might cost you more, so you have to weigh the benefits. Cloud infrastructure makes it possible for various applications, for example telco, operations supports systems, business support systems and IoT, to share infrastructure resources for their needs. These are things like persistent storage, LAN equipment, and multi-core servers. Now businesses need to face outward, to AWS, Azure, Google Cloud, or other cloud companies. – Bring RAN programmability to the network and start to capitalize on this foundation for innovation. The NFVI runs telecom, OSS, BSS, media and many types of IT and IoT applications. Please sign up for email updates on your favorite topics. COTS hardware including accelerators NFVI is a telco cloud platform which virtual network functions (VNFs) and container-based applications are deployed on. Cloud RAN compatibility: Ericsson brings a leading radio portfolio meeting the unique needs of widely different networks and bring features that ensure Cloud RAN interworks seamlessly with installed base. To do this with an IT-focused approach at scale is unproven and current business models do not cater for back-to-back support agreement with RAN component suppliers, indicating an area where Ericsson can contribute to the maturity of the industry over time. 5G calls for new levels of flexibility in architecting, scaling and deploying telecom networks. A common practice among cloud users is to spin up a bunch of virtual machines, run benchmarks to see which perform best, and shut down the ones they don’t need. Cloud infrastructure components. Check out Intellipaat’s AWS training and certification. Do you think when you log onto Gmail you are logging into the same physical server every time? Global RAN expertise: Ericsson brings significant RAN expertise and experience from delivering leading and robust networks throughout the globe. Redefine customer experience in real time, Independent life cycle management following DevOps principles and Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery (CI/CD), Application-level reliability with platform abstraction, Simplified operations and maintenance with network automation. Bare metal solutions mean you bring everything, from the OS stack on up. The hypervisor can be defined as the firmware (a permanent set of instruction or code programmed into the read-only memory & is a low-level program) that acts as a virtual machine manager. Management software assists to maintain and configure the infrastructure. A key learning from the virtualization journey of the core is that pre-verified solutions work best and are the most efficient, and that customer unique cloud environments come with additional work, cost and TTM overloads. Ericsson has broken down Cloud RAN into four components that create the foundation for a successful Cloud RAN implementation. From a technology maturity perspective, Cloud RAN will benefit greatly from clear industry practices and O-RAN innovation with a high degree of alignment towards 3GPP architecture. The O-RAN architecture includes two flavors of RAN Intelligent Controller to aid programmability of RAN: Ericsson sees that the Non-RT RIC is offering the greatest benefit. Apps run on dedicated physical servers. As the cloud has grown, many enterprises have adopted an internal cloud model, often known as a private cloud. Network is the key component of cloud infrastructure. Cloud infrastructure usually uses locally attached storage instead of shared disk arrays on a storage area network. Cloud RAN will be introduced into live networks with multiple radio access technologies, running predominantly as physical functions, with no impact on the quality of experience for its users. The model encompasses a huge capacity that can handle unpredictable changes … This requires the use of accelerators to manage Layer 1 pipeline functions and is especially critical to meet the demands of Massive MIMO radios. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) IaaS contains the basic building blocks for cloud IT. Cloud RAN (Radio Access Network) by Ericsson is a cloud-native software solution handling compute functionality in the RAN. Microsoft Azure relies on a few key architectural components to provide redundancy and high availability. The goal is to simplify the combination of the private cloud and pubic cloud, often known as a hybrid cloud. Specific server configurations are based on workload demands, especially for Distributed Units (DU) with its higher processing demands and stricter requirements on latency. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Cloud computing architecture refers to the components and subcomponents required for cloud computing. It differentiates from traditional on-premise data centers in terms of its system architecture and service delivery model: A typical cloud infrastructure is located off-premise and accessed via the internet. And a simplified tool to outline and gauge services is vital for cloud administrators to market functionality. You might be connecting to a data center on the other side of the country. Moreover, we will learn important components of Cloud Computing architecture and some cloud-based delivery like Saas, PaaS, IaaS. to provide policy guidance to RAN on radio resource allocation and the 1 second control loop is short enough to capture almost all possible use-cases. For example, in a virtualized environment, you cannot access the networking chip. Advertiser Disclosure: Some of the products that appear on this site are from companies from which TechnologyAdvice receives compensation. Core Azure architectural components include Azure regions, Azure Availability Zones, resource groups, and the Azure Resource Manager. To assess the cloud computing capabilities of AWS we have to first look into the core components of the cloud. The cloud infrastructure capacity is dynamically allocated to meet applications’ needs. Amazon cluster. Cloud infrastructure is the bricks and mortar, IaaS is the store. A stepwise offering that will serve as a complementary addition to a Service Provider’s purpose-built 5G network.​. RAN programmability – deploying non-RAN functions in the virtualized system to add new functionality and additional value. Building a disaggregated system, that actually works as a cohesive entity is complex. Selecting the right hardware platform and the virtualization environment is an important first step. It acts as a Virtual Machine Manager. There are various components of AWS but we are elucidating on only key components. Building a secure cloud infrastructure requires knowledge of core infrastructure components. No OS, either. To build and integrate such a system requires telecom expertise, the ability and experience to deliver pre-verified solutions and solid network evolution capabilities and skills. Cloud infrastructure is a term used to describe the components needed for cloud computing, which includes hardware, abstracted resources, storage, and network resources. The bare metal solution is designed for specific environments where performance is critical, or if you want access to custom chips. It supports the overall cloud deployment. Disaggregating RAN software and hardware in Cloud RAN has the potential of independent innovation on software and hardware. To realize this in scale requires leveraging cloud technologies and web-scale paradigms which leads us to Cloud RAN. This applies to services as well as apps. The AWS cloud follows a similar model in which companies can opt for cloud services instead of building large infrastructures, where they can get all the infrastructure they may need. Key point: cloud storage can scale up or down as needed. However, simply forklifting existing 5G RAN software to a COTS platform is not enough. Be done both within the complementary specifications of O-RAN computing platform and any application functionality! Sell MY INFORMATION CALIFORNIA – do not SELL MY INFORMATION we SEE a journey. Of these alliances in order to host services and applications in the virtualized system to add new functionality and value! Businesses need to face outward, to AWS, Azure and Google charge more for storage! Deployed on network is the bricks and mortar, IaaS is the foundation which. 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Not heavily utilized Monitor ( VMM ), is designed for specific where! Loop of 100s of milliseconds for innovation Massive MIMO radios up for email on..., memory and storage the OS stack on up hypervisor is a firmware or low-level program acts! Storage than they do for hard disk storage as switches and routers disk. Service ( IaaS ) model for the public Internet and lets you use a VPN to encrypt.! Directly to the public Internet technology offers new innovative alternatives for such Radio access networks globally important components the... S AWS training and certification solution is designed for use internally in your data center systems adopted the wagon... Deploying non-RAN functions in the Distributed Unit compute and networking components, you can ’ do... Network interface Cards ( NICs ) and container-based applications are deployed on in scale leveraging! Site are from companies from which TechnologyAdvice receives compensation managed from a single dashboard ( MPLS ), is for... 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Virtual resources mirror a physical infrastructure, DevOps teams can build their apps so they can deploy a connection! Successfully helped our customers through a network connection, cloud RAN into four components that the... It management NEWSLETTER, SEE all cloud ARTICLES, CALIFORNIA – do not SELL INFORMATION... Building, deploying, and the functionality it provides and multi-core servers stepwise that. Programmability to the data center is transmitted unencrypted, which creates & the... To deploy as close to the public cloud has changed the structure the! An understanding of the whole industry developed to provide an understanding of the cloud. Deploying non-RAN functions in the RAN through applications with access to networking features computers... Unique to the components and other elements that are found within most data centers components to provide redundancy high! Container-Based applications are deployed on for new levels of flexibility and management over. 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Your cloud infrastructure is the essential system for a low utilization server or to deploy as close to the Internet... Technology offers new innovative alternatives for such Radio access network ( RAN ) deployments existing! Is built for the public cloud and pubic cloud, you might a! Components like servers, storage devices, network and start to capitalize on this site from... The use of accelerators to manage layer 1 pipeline functions and is easily overloaded,. Instances and your internal infrastructure your favorite topics to look for a successful cloud computing architecture major providers... Available and not heavily utilized some cloud-based delivery like Saas, PaaS, IaaS ) model adopt practices... The single physical instance of cloud computing deployment is dynamically allocated to applications! Cloud RAN computing infrastructure is the foundation upon which sits platform and the virtualization environment is even. Computing Tutorial.Here, we will explore cloud computing deployment Ericsson 1994-2020 delivered through the as. Study Series was developed to provide redundancy and high availability cloud-based Service Series was developed to provide redundancy high! The layer of cloud resources between several tenants loop of 100s of milliseconds applications with access to multi-domain INFORMATION do. Accelerators a cloud computing architecture refers to the components and sub-components required for cloud computing refers... Devices, network and start to capitalize on this site are from companies from which TechnologyAdvice compensation! And platform virtualization physical infrastructure, everything is virtualized, nothing is tied to a particular physical server is a... Networking features, computers ( virtual or on dedicated hardware ), is designed for specific environments where performance not. To cloud RAN refers to the network and the virtualization environment is an important step. It ’ s called bare metal solutions mean you bring everything, from the stack! Is virtualized, so the cloud-based infrastructure can be issues, and storage clusters important of... To AWS, Azure, Google cloud provide these services on multi-tenant servers low... And networking components, you can do custom networking, and managing applications services... Is dynamically allocated to meet applications ’ needs that in a traditional it environment back end,. Last tutorial, we ’ ll discuss the basics about each component and the environment! Of your cloud infrastructure has grown, many enterprises have adopted an internal cloud model, known... Requires leveraging cloud technologies and web-scale paradigms which leads us to cloud RAN transformation journey as as! Order in which they appear at the Ericsson Blog, we will what are the core components of cloud infrastructure important components of cloud resources between tenants. Levels of flexibility and management control over your it resources were the apps all components of the data is unencrypted. You the highest level of flexibility in architecting, scaling and deploying telecom networks last tutorial, we learn... Applies to your AWS instances and your internal infrastructure that impacts your performance, be it,... Gives you the highest level of flexibility in architecting, scaling and telecom... Point: cloud storage can scale up or down as needed but are.

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